Externally Pressurized Expansion Joints
Externally Pressurized Expansion Joints is the perfect solution when axial movements and pressure is high.
Bellows elements of externally pressurized expansion joints are arranged so that the media ﬂow is on the external side of the bellows, while the inside part of the bellows is only subjected to atmospheric pressure, with this side being in direct connection with the atmosphere.
External pressurizing of the bellows eliminates column instability as a design limitation while permitting the absorption of large axial movement. While an internally pressurized bellows will become unstable and buckle due to internal pressure, pressure around an externally pressurized bellows will have a stabilizing effect on the bellows. This makes it possible to achieve a construction of externally pressurized expansion joints with great ﬂexibility for large axial compensation. With only the outside of the bellows subjected to pressure and the convolutions packed under a cover, the perfect conditions for external insulation or underground installation can be achieved.
As the convolutions of externally pressurised expansion joints are well protected under a cover, transport damage to the convolutions is unlikely to occur but most importantly, the cover offers maximum protection against leaking bellows or bellows failure.
Advantages of Externally Pressurized Expansion Joints
- Externally pressurized expansion joints are used if there would be large axial movements.
- This type of expansion joint pressurizes the bellows externally, eliminating column instability concerns for the bellows.
- This configuration provides an outside cover protecting bellows from external elements and inside pipe acts as a liner protecting bellows from flow medium and streamlines the flow.
- Minimizing pressure losses
Applications of Externally Pressurized Expansion Joints
- Hot & Cold Water
- Superheated water,
- Steam and condensate pipelines
- Industrial Applications
- HVAC lines
- In large plants with thermal equilibrium and mechanical expansion
- Geothermal plants
- Integrated city district heating
- The widest application area is underground pipelines.